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Understanding Hail Damage to Roofs

Updated: Mar 20

Introduction to Hail Impact on Roofs

Hailstorms, known for their sudden onset and potential for destruction, pose a significant threat to the integrity of roofing structures. The impact of hail on roofs can range from minor cosmetic damage to severe structural impairment. In this detailed exploration, we delve into the various ways hail can damage a roof, the signs to look for, and the steps to effectively address and repair such damage.

Identifying Hail Damage on Your Roof

Signs of Hail Damage

Granule Loss

The first sign of hail damage often manifests as granule loss on shingles. Granules, the small, gritty particles on the surface of shingles, play a crucial role in protecting against UV rays and weather elements. Hail impact can dislodge these granules, exposing the underlying asphalt to the elements and accelerating the aging process of the shingles. A clear indicator of granule loss is the accumulation of granules in gutters and downspouts following a hailstorm.

Cracked and Bruised Shingles

Hailstones can cause visible cracks or less apparent bruising in shingles. Cracked shingles are prone to further deterioration and can lead to leaks. Bruised shingles may not be immediately noticeable but can be felt as soft spots, similar to a bruised apple. These weakened areas compromise the shingle's ability to protect the roof.

Damaged Roof Seals

Hail can also impact the seal integrity of shingles. This damage may result in shingles becoming loose or completely detaching, leaving the roof vulnerable to water infiltration and further damage.

Conducting a Roof Inspection

A thorough inspection is crucial to assess the extent of hail damage. While ground-level inspections can provide some insights, a comprehensive evaluation by roofing professionals is recommended for an accurate assessment.

Addressing Hail Damage: Repair and Prevention

Immediate Steps Post-Hailstorm

After a hailstorm, it's essential to inspect your roof for damage. If you suspect hail damage, consider these immediate steps:

  • Document the Damage: Take photos and notes of any visible damage for insurance purposes.

  • Temporary Fixes: If there are obvious leaks or exposed areas, temporary fixes like tarps can prevent further damage until professional repairs are made.

Professional Roof Inspection and Repair

For a thorough evaluation and repair of hail damage, professional expertise is indispensable. Companies like Empire Roofing and Exteriors, located in Pickerington, OH, specialize in identifying and repairing hail damage, ensuring your roof regains its integrity and protective capabilities.

Insurance Claims for Hail Damage

Most homeowner insurance policies cover hail damage. It's advisable to file a claim promptly after discovering damage. A professional roof inspection report can be a valuable asset in supporting your insurance claim.


Hail damage to roofs can be subtle yet significant, impacting the longevity and functionality of the roofing system. Early detection, professional assessment, and timely repairs are key to maintaining the structural integrity of your roof. By understanding the signs of hail damage and taking proactive steps for repair and prevention, homeowners can effectively safeguard their homes against the challenges posed by hailstorms.

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